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Artist in Profile (July ’14): Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei

As one of China’s foremost contemporary artists, Ai Weiwei acted as artistic design consultant when working with Herzog and de Meuron the Swiss architecture firm that designed “The Bird’s Nest”, Beijing’s National Stadium. He also assisted in establishing a village for experimental artists in Beijing called “East Village”. Since his consultancy role he has distanced himself from the Chinese state and the Olympic Games refusing to attend the opening ceremony. He has become an outspoken advocate for Chinese political reform.

Born in 1957, Ai Weiwei is a renowned cultural figure who works and resides in Beijing. He is a sculptor, conceptual artist and curator. In 1978 he became involved with the Beijing Film Academy and joined the artist group “Stars” who refused clearly to produce Chinese art in accordance with government guidelines. The international attention to the first exhibition of this group which was completely unofficial was immense. The exhibition was shown by a fence of the National Gallery in Beijing.

Bird's Nest National Stadium

Bird’s Nest National Stadium – photo by Dmitry P, licensed under CC BY 2.0

From 1981 to 1993, Ai lived in New York from 1981 to 1993 focussing on performance and conceptual art work. He was influenced by the work of Jasper Johns, Andy Warhol and Marcel Duchamp and graduated at this time from the Parsons School of Design. Ai also collected old furniture parts, Chinese ceramics and building objects that he gleaned from his visit back to China in 1991 and utilised these materials in his work in a new context.

In 2011, Ai was arrested on tax evasion charges. This caused a tidal wave of international protest. A few months after his arrest he was granted bail on strict conditions. During this same year, Ai was included in the list of Time magazine’s top 100 influential people in the world.

Early Life

Circle of Animals by Ai Weiwei

Circle of Animals – photo by Wilson Rivera, licensed under CC BY 2.0

Ai Weiwei is the son of Chinese poet Ai Qing also quite politically active. The entire family was sent to a labour camp when Ai Qing was denounced during the Anti-Rightist Movement. This was in 1958 when Ai was a year old. In 1961 they were exiled to Shihezi, Xinjiang and lived there for 16 years. Following the Cultural Revolution the family returned to Beijing in 1976.

Works

Ai infuses his photos, sculptures, and public artworks with personal poetry and political conviction making use of historic Chinese art forms critically examining contemporary Chinese political and social issues. His sculptural works often use reclaimed materials such as ancient wood and pottery from ruined temples a concept that connects modern social concerns with tradition.

Ai Weiwei's Sunflower Seeds

Ai Weiwei’s Sunflower Seeds – photo by Simon Doggett, licensed under CC BY 2.0

Ai is also a film maker, writer and curator. His practice extends across many disciplines and via social media to communicate globally with the public and also to engage with fellow artists on massive scale projects.

His more famous art work includes Coca Cola Vase, Sunflower Seeds, Circle of Animals, Template and Remembering.

Music

In October 2012, Ai went live with a cover of Gangnam Style by famous K-pop rapper PSY. The four-minute parody video on YouTube attempted to criticise the Chinese government’s attempt to silence his activism and was quickly blocked by national authorities.

Ai Weiwei also debuted his first single Dumbass via the internet. The music video reconstructed Ai Weiwei’s prison experience diving in and out of reality. More singles followed debuting on You Tube.

This complex artist merges political activism with mainstream and avant-garde artwork including digital presentations, documentaries and music.

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